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21 Jan 2011

Positive Voices: Adrian Barbosa

Positive Voices is an ongoing series featuring Asian LGBT individuals who are HIV-positive and are living positively.

Although he had considered disclosing his HIV-positive status to his family members especially his mother who he was closest to, Malaysian Adrian Barbosa did not get the chance as she passed away the same year he was diagnosed and before he could come to a decision. Under very emotional circumstances on the day of his mother's funeral and unable to hold it in any longer, he told his sister-in-law who he thought would be the very last person he would tell.

But to her credit, she took the news well and was immediately supportive. "I had expected her to immediately forbid me from ever seeing my nephews and niece again," said Adrian. "To my complete surprise though, she actually asked, 'So? Are you dying?' When I replied in the negative, she started giving me an education on being healthy and being faithful to the regimen of meds which I would eventually be put on." Adrian, who is from Penang but lives and works in the banking industry in Kuala Lumpur, recalled the incident in 2007. Today, he counts his extended family as well as the people at Malaysia's PT Foundation  –  a community-based organisation providing HIV/AIDS and sexuality-related education and care services where he also volunteers – as sources of support.

æ: When did you test positive for HIV?

Adrian Barbosa

Adrian: I tested positive in early 2007 but my subsequent meeting with the hospital doctor indicated that it appeared that I had been positive for some time. That triggered my memory to the year 2004 when I had a near death experience with septicaemia [a bacterial infection of the blood]; I was informed that it was linked to HIV. However, despite numerous blood tests everything came back negative. Months later, I started suffering bouts of flu and I noticed that it seemed to take me a progressively longer time to recover. Somehow in the back of my mind, I was already half expecting the worst and when I finally decided to get tested again it was more about me seeking confirmation for what I already feared. Still, it wasn’t easy facing up to the reality of the situation.

æ: Did you share the news of your initial positive test result with someone?

Adrian: The first one and half months or so was more about coming to terms with it. It might sound like a long time but it felt like forever at that time. Moreover, I was in a new working environment and I didn’t have any real friends to speak of. So it was easier to keep things to myself. In hindsight,  that was very likely a self-acceptance phase I was going through. How could I disclose to someone else something which I was unable to accept myself? After those first two months, I struggled with the decision to disclose my condition to my family members, in particular my mom whom I was closest to. Despite the fact that she already knew I was gay, I just couldn't bring myself to tell her that I was also HIV-positive.

æ: Has your HIV status changed your sex life significantly?

Adrian: Yes, very much so. I wouldn’t want to be responsible for giving the virus to my partners and I always insist that condoms are used at all times. It’s tough sometimes and I do get strange looks from my partners whenever I insist but it’s something I have learned to live with. You just won’t believe the number of guys around in this day and age who still do not want to use condoms!

æ: Has your approach to love and relationships changed since you found out you were HIV positive? Why?

Adrian: I have gone through countless relationships and had more than my fair share of sexual encounters. I guess I’m at that stage in life where I really do not find it that important to get into a relationship. If it happens, it happens but I’m not going out to look for it. As to whether it has anything to do with my status, I’m unsure about that. Partly, I guess.

æ: How do you decide whether to tell someone your HIV status?

Adrian: I never got to tell my mom as she passed away the same year I was diagnosed. To this day it’s something I have not been able to gain closure. I will never know if I would have eventually told her and whether she would have been accepting. My subsequent disclosures to other members to my family have been slow and one at a time.

æ: What is one myth about living with HIV that you’ve now realised was incorrect?

Adrian: The one glaring myth is that you can tell if someone is positive or not. I was not able to tell and my partners have not been able to tell from looking at me.

æ: Tell us about one of your most memorable disclosure stories (friends, family, colleagues/bosses, doctors, partner or dates, etc).

Adrian: It was probably my very first disclosure to anyone and that was to my sister-in-law. It was on the day of my mom’s funeral and she was at my side when I literally broke down. She’s Chinese-educated and most likely conservative, I thought; and at that time she was probably the very last person that I would have thought of disclosing my status to. But leave it to fate to decide otherwise. She was there and I just broke down and told her. I had expected her to immediately forbid me from ever seeing my nephews and niece again. To my complete surprise though, she actually asked, “So? Are you dying?” When I replied in the negative, she started giving me an education on being healthy and being faithful to the regimen of meds which I would eventually be put on. Imagine that! I was quite speechless. She even told me that she would be there for me in the event of any difficulty I might have with the meds.

æ: Has your relationship with your family and friends changed or evolved after you found out you are HIV-positive? If so, how?

Adrian: I’ve probably grown closer to my brother and my sister-in-law. We would be on the phone with each other like every other day.

æ: What was starting Anti-Retroviral treatment (ART) like?

Adrian: The first six months, when I had very severe reactions to the meds, was tough. The wild mood swings, the diarrhoea, nausea, vomiting, rashes… All due to the pre-existing liver condition that I had. I was forewarned though by the doctors that I would experience the side effects more severely. It’s ok now though… but, yeah… it was tough initially.

æ: What challenges, if any, have you found in pursuing a career and living with HIV?

Adrian: I do get tired more easily nowadays and the mood swings, although very much less than initially, do happen occasionally. There are certain days when it would be so difficult to drag myself to work. Fortunately, my immediate superior at work is in the know and has been pretty understanding.

æ: Have you ever experienced discrimination on the basis of your HIV status from government agencies (eg. police, health workers, schools, employment officials, immigration agencies) or other areas (employers, businesses, clubs, etc). If so, please tell us what happened.

Adrian: Nothing very serious, in my opinion.

æ: Can you share one humorous or odd thing about your life with HIV?

Adrian: My cousins, who prior to knowing about my being HIV-positive, were never close to me but have now sort of like taken me under their wing and included me in many of their outings. Odd, how things turned out.

æ: What needs to happen in order for people living with HIV to feel more comfortable about telling people about their status?

Adrian: I feel that they should first come to some form of self-acceptance before anything else.

æ: Stigma and discrimination against people living with HIV is often quite challenging for everyone. What is one simple thing that people could do to encourage greater acceptance in the community?

Adrian: Personally, I believe that putting a human face on the issue is paramount and probably the first step. If the general public is really made aware that HIV and AIDS is something that affects everybody and not just the marginalised groups it would lead to more acceptance.

æ: What is one thing that you want to do in the future to help the LGBT or PLHIV community?

Adrian: I’m probably already doing it by putting myself in the spotlight in talks with sections of the general public.

æ: What motivates and inspires you for the future?

Adrian: The care and support I have had from people in PT Foundation and other non-governmental organisations in Malaysia. It has been amazing.

Disclaimer: This article is intended for informational and educational purposes only and is not engaged in rendering medical advice or professional services. The information provided should not be used for diagnosing or treating a health problem or a disease. It is not a substitute for professional care. If you have or suspect you may have a health problem, consult your health care provider.

If you are HIV-positive and living in Asia, and want to share your story, please write to editor@fridae.com.

Look out for PositiveVoices.Net, a soon-to-be-launched social networking site for HIV-positive gay men and transgender people living in Asia built around their shared experience of living with HIV.



1. 2011-01-22 05:15  
Yet another great article in this series. Congratulations, Fridae. You are performing a terrific service to the gay community and any straights who happen to look in.

Congratulations also to Adrian. From your story and from your appearance here, you show great courage coming, as you do, from a pretty homophobic society. My best wishes to you for a long and fruitful life.
2. 2011-01-22 06:26  
Thank you for sharing your story Adrian. I wish all the best in life has to offer.
3. 2011-01-22 11:33  
Wonderful article by fridae. Keep up the good work Adrian.
回应#4於於2011-01-22 13:32被作者删除。
5. 2011-01-22 14:02  
woow adrian~ so suprise when see d article bout u~ nice 2 meet u in PT and ur story reali pull me up sometime when i was thinking wanna give up on something~ keep in touch n take good care my friend~
6. 2011-01-22 16:11  
Dear Adrian, I am so proud of you...you make the work that we do at PT Foundation that much more rewarding, to know that we are making a difference, and through people like you, more people understands the issues faced by PLHIVs. Hugs Ray
7. 2011-01-22 16:22  
Adrian, thanks for being the courage one to stand up and speak out. :) We are so proud of you in PT Foundation. ;) *hug*
8. 2011-01-22 16:28  
Well said Adrian - congratulations for the courage to speak out and the myths and fears around HIV. Lets face it HIV is everywhere in our community and we need to face it head on without fear, ignorance or mis-information. I hope this series will encourage more guys to come forward for testing and for those who are already liviing with HIV to know that they are not alone and to live life to the max.
Appreciate all the hard work that PT and Fridae are doing in this area and all other NGOs working on HIV and addressing stigma in the region..
Its truely inspiring
9. 2011-01-23 04:51  
Hi Adrian
I'm so proud of you for being so brave to let me/us know your status. We haven't get in touch for so long now, but I'm glad to hear what you need to say. I know you need all the courage to do so, but, you're not alone. As friend(s), I'm here for you.

Keep calm, healthy & always think positive. Love & hugs......
10. 2011-01-23 15:13  
In Australia any one with any kind of sexually transmitted dis-ease/infection is required by law to inform a person of his/her status prior to having sexual relations judging from the article Malaysia perhaps does not how ever if it does the person interviewed doesn't fullfill his obligations under Malaysian law and possibly leaves him self wide open for prosecution by tacitly admitting to this "I always insist that condoms are used at all times. It’s tough sometimes and I do get strange looks from my partners whenever I insist" it kinda inplys nothing is discussed beforhand about his HIV status remember condoms are not 100% security against HIV infection accidents DO happen and they are known to break safer sex is not 100% risk free
11. 2011-01-23 21:39  
Thanks Adrian for inspiring me by telling your story in such a public way. We all have our own journeys and it is only by sharing and responding in an open, supporting and non-judgemental way that we can support one another.
12. 2011-01-24 00:43  
Thank u for sharing your story. U do take care ya.
13. 2011-01-24 02:02  
Adrian, take each day as it comes. Enjoy it to the fullest and be strong!
回应#14於於2011-01-24 05:29被作者删除。
15. 2011-01-24 05:28  
I think it's crucial for countries such as Singapore that have yet to provide the most basic level of support--medical subsidies--to HIV-positive people to do so. It is not a matter of whether HIV-positive people are immoral and hence deserve to be left to die on their own, but a matter of the state's obligations to its social contract. Providing adequate subsidies is also the most effective means of encouraging self-participation in the fight against this epidemic. If being diagnosed with HIV infection means a person will have to face a huge financial burden on top of discrimination and stigma, how can we encourage more people to voluntarily go for regular screening?

Recently, I knew a young gay person in his early 20s who delayed HIV screening even though he suspected he had become infected, because there is a lack of subsidies in Singapore. How's he going to pay for the treatment if he became infected? Would his family abandon him if he had to ask them for financial support? These were his MAIN concerns. Singapore must not be the odd one out among developed countries that does not subsidise HIV treatment for its citizens.

Actually, Singapore enjoys the privilege of being near to Thailand and India, two countries that offer affordable domestically manufactured HIV medications. It should have offered a practical solution for HIV-infected citizens to obtain these cheaper medications without contravening its trade agreements that protect the original, patented and more expensive drugs imported from the US and Europe.

For example, we could:
1) Have Singapore-based doctors write a Prescription for Thailand-made or India-made drugs, arrange for their Singaporean patients to obtain the drugs outside Singapore (from a JB- , Batam- or Bangkok-located pharmacy that carries the drugs and that accepts such Singapore Prescriptions);
2) Approve use of Medisave and subsidies for treatments and prescribed medications received in approved Malaysian or Thai clinics.

I understand that there may be some immigration restrictions for HIV-positive persons to enter certain countries. Malaysia may have such restrictions. Thailand shouldn't have them. Indonesia may also not have them. So, such a pharmacy could ideally be located in a convenient location outside Singapore where HIV+ Singaporeans have no legal problem accessing, with a cost-effective means like bus, ferry or budget flight. Batam could be one.

The point is that, as long as the cheaper non-patented drugs are sold outside Singapore, there's nothing the patent-owning drug companies can do to prevent their sales to Singaporean patients. If the Indonesian government doesn't restrict HIV-positive persons from entering its territories, then it might be possible for a private chain of pharmacies in Singapore to operate a branch in Batam to sell such drugs to mainly Singaporeans, for a reasonable profit margin. Such a Batam pharmacy should also benefit Indonesian citizens who require such drugs. No country, including Indonesia, is free of HIV-infected people. If such a pharmacy existed, it'd be a great help to both Singaporean and Indonesian HIV-positive patients. For Singaporeans, it's definitely cheaper, faster and easier to travel to Batam than to Bangkok.

Alternatively, the Health Ministers of Singapore and Malaysia may negotiate for an exemption of the restriction to HIV-positive Singaporeans who are entering JB solely for the purpose of obtaining the drugs. This would then make it possible for such a pharmacy to be located in JB, which can be accessed by bus.

This is just one of many ways that member states of ASEAN could co-operate for mutual benefits. I hope that the Health Ministers of Thailand, Indonesia and Singapore can discuss about the possibility of implementing this plan.

Lastly, I wish Adrian good health and happiness, and thank the PT foundation for its continuous support for HIV-positive persons in Malaysia.
16. 2011-01-29 00:40  
Adrian, keep up with the good work. I am a firm believer helping others is also helping yourself with more confidence, beliefs, approaches.....that's how we evolve to be a better person.

Your early experience truly shows everyone the importance of early testing, not just for HIV but also STD like syphillis which is a silent disease, symptomless first stage for 4-8 weeks.

Disclosure has never been an easy task for everyone and I love what you said: "How could I disclose to someone else something which I was unable to accept myself? Acceptance is the number 1 agenda on PLHIV coping skills and social responsibility is number 2.

You are right, it's ok for now being single and not looking for one. Adrian, sooner than you think, you will be in a relationship. With good work, good heart and good person, let the boys come to you. Trust me on that.

Wish that day would come Fridae would organize all of us from different countries, cultures to get together to learn and share our experience together and a group photo shot, many shots that WE EXIST and live our lives out of the shadow. I refuse to be a victim in the society !

Good job, Adrian ! A lot of people are counting on you. Remember the term domino effect. Let that wheels rolling.

17. 2011-01-29 00:49  
Sorry I forget to mentioned the most important point. To thank all HIV advocates, government and NGO organizations around Asia to promote HIV awareness and working on a plan for PLHIV program to give us the tools to live life with hope and confidence. It's not just depending on the government to give us just meds and that's it. there is more than that.
18. 2011-01-29 00:55  
To tackle on the issues on stigma and discrimination, we are the fore front person to educate the public and within our gay community to bring more awareness and to lower the increasing HIV rates.
19. 2011-06-13 21:28  
HIV - a Sexually Transmitted Infection ?? ? ?
20. 2012-02-27 05:31  
Be strong and happy. I admire you and wish you may live in happiness. You are a great man. : )
21. 2012-02-27 05:31  
Be strong and happy. I admire you and wish you may live in happiness. You are a great man. : )
回应#22已於於2012-11-12 12:48被管理员删除。
回应#23已於於2013-12-03 12:17被管理员删除。




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